In writing a formal paper or an essay, you might need to cite your reference to avoid plagiarism. These reference essays are commonly used in research. Be aware of the difference between citations and references. Citations are placed in the body of your essay, and indicate to the reader where. When writing an essay, particularly when writing an extended essay, it's easiest to put the references whilst you. But you should follow this format exactly: Referendes s. See Plagiarism and academic integrity. Brdtbuy own writing is much more important, and often text you quote was written for a different purpose. Some academic disciplines prefer to use footnotes notes at the foot of the page or endnotes notes at referencrs end of the work to reference their writing. Where you give the editors rather than the actual authors, you referwnces this by adding eds after their names, or ed. Updated: March 29, For particularly important points, or for parts of texts that you might wish to quote word for word, also include in your notes the specific page reference. Related Articles. Correct: Rathore and Chauhan determined that Himalayan brown bears eat both plants and animals You would list the year for "Summer in the South" as a. In most cases, your markers will be happy with a consistent and appropriate system. Sometimes, you might want to change a quote slightly in order to make it fit your essay. The name highlighted should always be the name under which the work will have been filed on the library shelves or referenced in any indexing system. All academic essays MUST contain references. Sometimes, students even include hyperlinks in references when copying from electronic journals; and have them automatically underlined by the word processor. Some systems also stipulate that you should include a bibliography, a list of texts which you used to gain a broad understanding of the subject but which you do not refer to directly in your essay. This is a quick guide to the different systems of referencing you might be asked to use. These databases store electronic versions of print journals as PDFs.